A micromechanical hydro-mechanical-damage coupled model for layered rocks considering multi-scale structures
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmms.2021.104715
An anisotropic Hydro-Mechanical-Damage coupled model was established in the framework of thermodynamics for saturated layered rocks, which contain arbitrarily-distributed cracks of smaller scales and orientated bedding planes of much larger scales. The proposed model considers the anisotropic damage growth and frictional sliding of cracks and shear sliding and dilatancy of bedding planes, as well as the interaction between cracks and bedding planes. Numerical implementation of the nonlinear coupled model was developed based on TOUGHREACT, which is a well-established simulator for multiphase fluid flow and reactive transport analysis. The proposed model was first validated with laboratory water injection test results on rock blocks, and then used to study the effects of injection rates, in situ stresses and bedding planes on fluid injection processes at the field scale, demonstrating the importance to consider the variation of multi-scale structures for better understanding the coupled Hydro-Mechanical responses in layered rocks.