Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

The LysE Superfamily of Transport Proteins Involved in Cell Physiology and Pathogenesis

  • Author(s): Tsu, Brian Vay
  • Advisor(s): Saier, Milton H
  • et al.
Abstract

ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS

The LysE Superfamily of Transport Proteins Involved in Cell Physiology and Pathogenesis

by

Brian Vay Tsu

Master of Science in Biology

University of California, San Diego 2015

Professor Milton Saier, Chair

The LysE superfamily consists of transmembrane transport proteins that catalyze export of amino acids, lipids and heavy metal ions. Statistical means were used to show that it includes newly identified families including transporters specific for (1) tellurium, (2) iron/lead, (3) manganese, (4) calcium, (5) nickel/cobalt, (6) amino acids, and (7) peptidoglycolipids as well as (8) one family of transmembrane electron carriers. Internal

repeats and conserved motifs were identified, and multiple alignments, phylogenetic trees and average hydropathy, amphipathicity and similarity plots provided evidence that all members of the superfamily derived from a single common 3-TMS precursor peptide via intragenic duplication. Their common origin implies that they share common structural, mechanistic and functional attributes. The transporters of this superfamily play important roles in ionic homeostasis, cell envelope assembly, and protection from excessive cytoplasmic heavy metal/metabolite concentrations. They thus influence the physiology and pathogenesis of numerous microbes, being potential targets of drug action.

Main Content
Current View