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Retinal defocus and form-deprivation induced regional differential gene expression of bone morphogenetic proteins in chick retinal pigment epithelium.

  • Author(s): Zhang, Yan
  • Azmoun, Sara
  • Hang, Abraham
  • Zeng, Jiexi
  • Eng, Emily
  • Wildsoet, Christine F
  • et al.

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We previously reported bidirectional gene expression regulation of the Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP2, 4, and 7) in chick retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in response to imposed optical defocus and form-deprivation (FD). This study investigated whether there are local (regional) differences in these effects. 19-day old White-Leghorn chicks wore monocular +10 or - 10 D lenses, or diffusers (FD) for 2 or 48 hr, after which RPE samples were collected from both eyes, from a central circular zone (3 mm radius), and 3 mm wide annular mid-peripheral and peripheral zones in all cases. BMP2, 4, and 7 gene expression levels in RPE from treated and fellow control eyes were compared as well as differences across zones. With the +10 D lens, increased expression of both BMP2 and BMP4 genes was observed in central and mid-peripheral zones but not the peripheral zone after 2 and 48 hr. In contrast, with the -10 D lens BMP2 gene expression was significantly decreased in all three zones after 2 and 48 hr. Similar patterns of BMP2 gene expression were observed in all three zones after 48 hr of FD. Smaller changes were recorded for BMP4 and BMP7 gene expression for both myopia-inducing treatments. That optical defocus- and FD-induced changes in BMP gene expression in chick RPE show treatment-dependent local (regional) differences suggest important differences in the nature and contributions of local retinal and underlying RPE regions to eye growth regulation.

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