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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Delay-Based Traffic Signal Control for Throughput Optimality and Fairness at an Isolated Intersection

  • Author(s): Wu, J
  • Ghosal, D
  • Zhang, M
  • Chuah, CN
  • et al.

© 2017 IEEE. With the attractive feature of guaranteeing maximum network throughput, backpressure routing has been widely used in wireless communication networks. Motivated by the backpressure routing, in this paper, we propose a delay-based traffic signal control algorithm in transportation networks. We prove that this delay-based control achieves optimal throughput performance, same as the queue-based traffic signal control in the literature. However, a vehicle at a lane whose queue length remains very small may be excessively delayed under the queue-based signal control. Our delay-based backpressure control can deal with the excessive delays and achieve better fairness with respect to delay while still guaranteeing throughput optimality. Moreover, a general weighted control scheme combining the queue-based and delay-based schemes is also investigated, to provide a more flexible control according to the quality of service requirements. Numerical results explore their performance under both homogeneous and heterogeneous traffic scenarios.

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