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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Structure at Work: Organizational Forms and the Division of Labor in U.S. Wineries

  • Author(s): Haveman, Heather A
  • Swaminathan, Anand
  • Johnson, Eric B
  • et al.

©2016 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited. We show how organizational forms shape job structures, specifically the variety and types of jobs employees hold, extending previous research on job structures in four ways. First, the social codes associated with wineries' generalist and specialist forms constrain the number of jobs and functional areas delineated by job titles. Second, form-based constraints are weakened by institutional rules that impose categorical distinctions on organizations. Third, these constraints are stronger when there is more consensus around forms. Fourth, these constraints are contingent on the legitimacy and resources of organizations of varying ages and sizes.

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