The year in human and medical genetics. Highlights of 2007-2008.
- Author(s): Smith, Moyra
- Editor(s): Smith M.
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2008.03608.x
The breadth and scope of new information makes difficult a selection of topics to be included in a limited review of highlights of the year. Admittedly, the choices are idiosyncratic. The eight topics presented here are (1) structural and copy number variants in the human genome; (2) progress in defining genetic factors in the etiology of schizophrenia; (3) microRNAs in central nervous system development and function; (4) progress in elucidation of risk factors for complex common disorders through large scale association studies; (5) epigenetics and the epigenomic era; (6) reprogramming of somatic cell nuclei to generate pluripotent stem cells; (7) new concepts regarding factors involved in sexual differentiation; and (8) Duffy blood group antigens: new concepts, and new discoveries on the role of these antigens in malaria and HIV-AIDS.