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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Electron spin resonance of Gd3+ in three dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3

  • Author(s): Garitezi, TM
  • Lesseux, GG
  • Jesus, CBR
  • Grant, T
  • Fisk, Z
  • Urbano, RR
  • Rettori, C
  • Pagliuso, PG
  • et al.

Bi2Se3 has been claimed to be a three dimensional topological insulator (TI) with topologically protected metallic surface states with exotic properties. We have performed electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements on Gd3+ doped (x ≈ 0.01) Bi2Se3 single crystal grown from stoichiometric melt. For the studied crystals, our preliminary results revealed a partly resolved Gd3+ fine structure spectrum with Dysonian (metallic character) lines. At room temperature, the central line has a g ≈ 1.98, a linewidth ΔH ≈ 95 G and the spectra have a overall splitting of roughly 1300 Oe. As the temperature is decreased, the Gd3+ ESR ΔH of the central line presents a very small Korringa-like behavior b =ΔH/ΔT ≈ 0.013 Oe/K and nearly T-independent g-value. However, for T ≲ 40 K, ΔH shows a stronger narrowing effect evolving to Korringa-like behavior (b ≈ 0.15 Oe/K) for T ≲ 30 K. Concomitantly with the change in ΔH behavior, the Gd3+ central line g value starts to decrease reaching a value of 1.976 at T =4.2 K. The ESR results are discussed in terms of possible effects of protected topological surface states enlightened by complementary data from macroscopic measurements.

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