Optothermal Raman Studies of Thermal Properties of Graphene Based Films
- Author(s): Malekpour, Hoda
- Advisor(s): Balandin, Alexander
- et al.
Efficient thermal management is becoming a critical issue for development of the next generation of electronics. As the size of electronic devices shrinks, the dissipated power density increases, demanding a better heat removal. The discovery of graphene’s unique electrical and thermal properties stimulated interest of electronic industry to development of graphene based technologies. In this dissertation, I report the results of my investigation of thermal properties of graphene derivatives and their applications in thermal management. The dissertation consists of three parts. In the first part, I investigated thermal conductivity of graphene laminate films deposited on thermally insulating polyethylene terephthalate substrates. Graphene laminate is made of chemically derived graphene and few layer graphene flakes packed in overlapping structure. Two types of graphene laminate were studied: as deposited and compressed. The thermal conductivity of the laminate was found to be in the range from 40 W/mK to 90 W/mK at room temperature. It was established that the average size and the alignment of graphene flakes are parameters dominating the heat conduction. In the second part of this dissertation, I investigated thermal conductivity of chemically reduced freestanding graphene oxide films. It was found that the in-plane thermal conductivity of graphene oxide can be increased significantly using chemical reduction and temperature treatment. Finally, I studied the effect of defects on thermal conductivity of suspended graphene. The knowledge of the thermal conductivity dependence on the concentration of defects can shed light on the strength of the phonon - point defect scattering in two-dimensional materials. The defects were introduced to graphene in a controllable way using the low-energy electron beam irradiation. It was determined that as the defect density increases the thermal conductivity decreases down to about 400 W/mK, and then reveal saturation type behavior. The thermal conductivity dependence on the defect density was analyzed using the Boltzmann transport equation and molecular dynamics simulations. The obtained results are important for understanding phonon transport in two-dimensional systems and for practical applications of graphene in thermal management.