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Detection of human parvovirus B19 in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

  • Author(s): Wang, JH
  • Zhang, WP
  • Liu, HX
  • Wang, D
  • Li, YF
  • Wang, WQ
  • Wang, L
  • He, FR
  • Wang, Z
  • Yan, QG
  • Chen, LW
  • Huang, GS
  • et al.
Abstract

To evaluate whether parvovirus B19, a common human pathogen, was also involved in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), 112 paraffin-embedded thyroid specimens of benign nodules, papillary, medullary and follicular carcinomas, and normal controls were examined for B19 DNA and capsid protein by nested PCR, in situ hybridisation (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) was investigated by IHC. The results showed B19 DNA commonly exists in human thyroid tissues; however, there were significant differences between PTC group and normal controls, and between PTC and nonneoplastic adjacent tissues (P<0.001). The presence of viral DNA in PTC neoplastic epithelium was confirmed by laser-capture microdissection and sequencing of nested PCR products. B19 capsid protein in PTC group was significantly higher than that of all the control groups and nonneoplastic adjacent tissues (P

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