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Nuevo Amanecer-II: Results of a randomized controlled trial of a community-based participatory, peer-delivered stress management intervention for rural Latina breast cancer survivors.

  • Author(s): Nápoles, Anna María
  • Santoyo-Olsson, Jasmine
  • Stewart, Anita L
  • Ortiz, Carmen
  • Samayoa, Cathy
  • Torres-Nguyen, Alma
  • Palomino, Helen
  • Coleman, LaVerne
  • Urias, Aday
  • Gonzalez, Nayeli
  • Cervantes, Silvia Araceli
  • Totten, Vicken Y
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5481
Abstract

Objective

We report results of a community-based multisite, randomized controlled trial of Nuevo Amanecer (NA-II), a 10-week stress management program for rural, low literacy Latina breast cancer survivors.

Methods

Trained peers delivered NA-II to Spanish-speaking Latinas with non-metastatic breast cancer in three rural communities. Women were randomized to receive the program immediately or wait 6 months. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Primary outcomes were breast cancer-specific quality of life domains; secondary outcomes included general distress symptoms and stress management skills. Intention-to-treat analyses using repeated-measures linear regression models estimated changes in slope between groups.

Results

Of 153 participants (76 randomized to intervention, 77 to control group), 92% were retained at 6 months. Mean age was 54.8 years (SD = 10.5); 80% had less than high school education. There were no statistically significant treatment × time effects on quality of life. Compared to women in the control group, intervention group women reported greater improvements in anxiety at 6 months (-0.20 vs -0.02, P = .049; range 0-4) as well as three stress management skills: relaxation at 3 months (+0.98 vs -0.07, P < .0001; range 0-4) and 6 months (+0.82 vs +0.04, P < .001), awareness of tension at 3 months (+0.31 vs -0.19, P < .01; range 0-4) and 6 months (+0.29 vs -0.11, P < .05), and coping confidence at 3 months (+0.12 vs -0.23, P < .01; range 0-4).

Conclusions

Stress management programs delivered by trained peers in rural community settings can reduce anxiety and improve stress management skills among Latina breast cancer survivors.

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