Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Santa Cruz

UC Santa Cruz Previously Published Works bannerUC Santa Cruz

The mutagenic footprint of low-fidelity Pol I ColE1 plasmid replication in E. coli reveals an extensive interplay between Pol I and Pol III

Published Web Location
No data is associated with this publication.

ColE1 plasmid replication is unidirectional and requires two DNA polymerases: DNA polymerase I (Pol I) and DNA polymerase III (Pol III). Pol I initiates leading-strand synthesis by extending an RNA primer, allowing the Pol III holoenzyme to assemble and finish replication of both strands. The goal of the present work is to study the interplay between Pol I and Pol III during ColE1 plasmid replication, to gain new insights into Pol I function in vivo. Our approach consists of using mutations generated by a low-fidelity mutant of Pol I (LF-Pol I) during replication of a ColE1 plasmid as a footprint for Pol I replication. This approach allowed mapping areas of Pol I replication on the plasmid with high resolution. In addition, we were able to approximate the strandedness of Pol I mutations throughout the plasmid, allowing us to estimate the spectrum of the LF-Pol I in vivo. Our study produced the following three mechanistic insights: (1) we identified the likely location of the polymerase switch at ~200 bp downstream of replication initiation; (2) we found evidence suggesting that Pol I can replicate both strands, supporting earlier studies indicating a functional redundancy between Pol I and Pol III (3) we found evidence pointing to a specific role of Pol I during termination of lagging-strand replication. In addition, we illustrate how our strand-specific footprinting approach can be used to dissect factors modulating Pol I fidelity in vivo.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item