The Eastern North American Margin Community Seismic Experiment: An Amphibious Active‐ and Passive‐Source Dataset
Published Web Locationhttps://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/ssa/srl/article/91/1/533/574662
Abstract The eastern North American margin community seismic experiment (ENAM‐CSE) was conceived to target the ENAM Geodynamic Processes at Rifting and Subducting Margins (GeoPRISMS) primary site with a suite of both active‐ and passive‐source seismic data that would shed light on the processes associated with rift initiation and evolution. To fully understand the ENAM, it was necessary to acquire a seismic dataset that was both amphibious, spanning the passive margin from the continental interior onto the oceanic portion of the North American plate, and multiresolution, enabling imaging of the sediments, crust, and mantle lithosphere. The ENAM‐CSE datasets were collected on‐ and offshore of North Carolina and Virginia over a series of cruises and land‐based deployments between April 2014 and June 2015. The passive‐source component of the ENAM‐CSE included 30 broadband ocean‐bottom seismometers (OBSs) and 3 onshore broadband instruments. The broadband stations were deployed contemporaneously with those of the easternmost EarthScope Transportable Array creating a trans‐margin amphibious seismic dataset. The active‐source portion of the ENAM‐CSE included several components: (1) two onshore wide‐angle seismic profiles where explosive shots were recorded on closely spaced geophones; (2) four major offshore wide‐angle seismic profiles acquired with an airgun source and short‐period OBSs (SPOBSs), two of which were extended onland by deployments of short‐period seismometers; (3) marine multichannel seismic (MCS) data acquired along the four lines of SPOBSs and a series of other profiles along and across the margin. During the cruises, magnetic, gravity, and bathymetric data were also collected along all MCS profiles. All of the ENAM‐CSE products were made publicly available shortly after acquisition, ensuring unfettered community access to this unique dataset.