Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

Long-Acting Reversible Contraception


Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are effective options for pregnancy prevention. Currently available products in the United States include an etonogestrel implant, a copper intrauterine device (IUD), and several levonorgestrel IUDs. With increasing prevalence and duration of use, our understanding of efficacy, risks, and benefits has evolved. In addition to a brief discussion on nomenclature and LARC use within a framework of bodily autonomy and reproductive justice, this review covers clinical challenges with placement and removal, evidence-based duration of use, and how to mitigate side effects. Although all obstetrician-gynecologists as well as primary care clinicians can safely provide LARCs, complex family planning specialists are an expert referral source for challenging cases and evidence-based care as contraceptive technology continues to develop.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View