Umbilical Cord Blood and iPSC-Derived Natural Killer Cells Demonstrate Key Differences in Cytotoxic Activity and KIR Profiles.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.561553
Natural killer (NK) cells derived or isolated from different sources have been gaining in importance for cancer therapies. In this study, we evaluate and compare key characteristics between NK cells derived or isolated from umbilical cord blood, umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, peripheral blood, and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Specifically, we find CD56+ NK cells isolated and expanded directly from umbilical cord blood (UCB56) and NK cells derived from CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitors in umbilical cord blood (UCB34) differ in their expression of markers associated with differentiation including CD16, CD2, and killer Ig-like receptors (KIRs). UCB56-NK cells also displayed a more potent cytotoxicity compared to UCB34-NK cells. NK cells derived from iPSCs (iPSC-NK cells) were found to have variable KIR expression, with certain iPSC-NK cell populations expressing high levels of KIRs and others not expressing KIRs. Notably, KIR expression on UCB56 and iPSC-NK cells had limited effect on cytotoxic activity when stimulated by tumor target cells that express high levels of cognate HLA class I, suggesting that in vitro differentiation and expansion may override the KIR-HLA class I mediated inhibition when used across HLA barriers. Together our results give a better understanding of the cell surface receptor, transcriptional, and functional differences between NK cells present in umbilical cord blood and hematopoietic progenitor-derived NK cells which may prove important in selecting the most active NK cell populations for treatment of cancer or other therapies.