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Novel targets and new potential: developments in the treatment of inflammation in chronic kidney disease



Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) of all stages experience extremely high mortality, with cardiovascular causes accounting for about half of all their deaths. Traditional risk factors such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes mellitus cannot explain the excessively high cardiovascular mortality in CKD. Chronic inflammation is one of the novel risk factors that appear to contribute to the increased mortality seen in patients with CKD. Therapeutic interventions targeting chronic inflammation in CKD may lead to improved outcomes.


To describe the role of inflammation in CKD and to review anti-inflammatory pharmacologic therapies that could have a role in its therapy.


A review of the literature was carried out and expert opinion expressed.


Inflammation is a common and significant problem in CKD. There are currently no approved pharmacologic anti-inflammatory therapies in CKD but several agents are being studied in early clinical trials, while others could become viable alternatives in the future.

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