UC San Diego
Gyrokinetic theory of turbulent acceleration of parallel rotation in Tokamak plasmas
- Author(s): Wang, L
- Diamond, PH
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.265006
A mechanism for turbulent acceleration of parallel rotation is discovered using gyrokinetic theory. This new turbulent acceleration term cannot be written as a divergence of parallel Reynolds stress. Therefore, turbulent acceleration acts as a local source or sink of parallel rotation. The physics of turbulent acceleration is intrinsically different from the Reynolds stress. For symmetry breaking by positive intensity gradient, a positive turbulent acceleration, i.e., cocurrent rotation, is predicted. The turbulent acceleration is independent of mean rotation and mean rotation gradient, and so constitutes a new candidate for the origin of spontaneous rotation. A quasilinear estimate for ion temperature gradient turbulence shows that the turbulent acceleration of parallel rotation is explicitly linked to the ion temperature gradient scale length and temperature ratio Ti0/Te0. Methods for testing the effects of turbulent parallel acceleration by gyrokinetic simulation and experiment are proposed. © 2013 American Physical Society.
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