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Nucleophilic Addition of Enolates to 1,4-Dehydrobenzene Diradicals Derived from Enediynes: Synthesis of Functionalized Aromatics


Alkylation of aromatics and formation of a new C-C bond is usually achieved by the electrophilic attack of an activated carbon species on an electron-rich aromatic ring. Herein, we report an alternative method for alkylation of aromatics via nucleophilic addition of enolates of active methylene compounds to 1,4-dehydrobenzene diradicals derived from enediynes cyclodec-1,5-diyne-3-ene, benzo[3,4]-cyclodec-1,5-diyne-3-ene, and cyclohexeno[3,4]-cyclodec-1,5-diyne-3-ene. The benzo-substituted enediyne produces slightly higher yields of alkylation products than do the other two enediynes, but the differences are not substantial. The reaction produces a new C-C bonded aromatic alkylation product, which allows the construction of complex polyfunctional structures in a few steps. Moreover, this reaction provides solely C-arylated products, and no O-arylation products were observed.

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