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Remote Application and Use of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring by Adults with Type 2 Diabetes in a Virtual Diabetes Clinic.

  • Author(s): Bergenstal, Richard M;
  • Layne, Jennifer E;
  • Zisser, Howard;
  • Gabbay, Robert A;
  • Barleen, Nathan A;
  • Lee, Amy Armento;
  • Majithia, Amit R;
  • Parkin, Christopher G;
  • Dixon, Ronald F
  • et al.
Abstract

The Onduo Virtual Diabetes Clinic (VDC) for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) combines a mobile app, remote lifestyle coaching, connected devices, and live video consultations with board-certified endocrinologists. Adults with T2D (n = 594) who were evaluated by a VDC endocrinologist, remotely prescribed and mailed a real-time continuous glucose monitoring (rtCGM) device and used ≥1 sensor completed a CGM satisfaction questionnaire. The CGM satisfaction score was 4.5 ± 0.8 out of 5. Most respondents (94.7%) agreed/strongly agreed that they were comfortable inserting the sensor remotely and that rtCGM use improved understanding of the impact of eating (97.0%), increased diabetes knowledge (95.7%), and helped improve diabetes control when not wearing the sensor (79.4%). HbA1c (n = 372) decreased from 7.7% ± 1.6% to 7.1% ± 1.2% (P < 0.001; 10.2 months). These data suggest that it is feasible to provide rtCGM directly to individuals with T2D through a VDC without in-office training. Intermittent use of rtCGM was well-received by adults with T2D and was associated with improvement in HbA1c.

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