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Patient With a 42-Year History of Coccidioidal Meningitis


This is a case of a 56-year-old man diagnosed with coccidioidal meningitis 42 years ago at the age of 14. He was treated with intrathecal amphotericin B deoxycholate by cisternal puncture for 15 years before switching to fluconazole once it became available in 1991. Over 42 years of treatment, he developed hearing loss due to auditory nerve neurotoxicity, hydrocephalus requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunting with associated malfunctions, lumbar arachnoiditis, and hypokalemic paralysis. Regular cerebrospinal fluid studies to this day do not show disease clearance. Many of the lessons from his clinical history are enshrined in the current iteration of the Infectious Diseases Society of America Coccidioidomycosis Treatment Guidelines. To our knowledge, he is the longest surviving coccidioidal meningitis patient.

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