Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Work schedules and 11-year progression of carotid atherosclerosis in middle-aged Finnish men

  • Author(s): Wang, A
  • Arah, OA
  • Kauhanen, J
  • Krause, N
  • et al.

© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Objectives: This study investigated the relationship between different work schedules and progression of carotid atherosclerosis, an early indicator of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: We studied 621 men, aged 42-60 years, in the prospective Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study cohort. Using multivariable regressions adjusting for 22 covariates including total time worked during follow-up, we evaluated the associations of baseline work schedules with 11-year progression of ultrasonographically assessed carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and their variation by preexisting CVD. Results: Standard daytime work, weekend shifts, and evening/night/rotating shifts were associated with 31%, 37%, and 33% increases in IMT, respectively. Compared to daytime workers, weekend workers experienced a faster progression of carotid atherosclerosis [relative change ratio (RCR)=1.05, 95% CI: 1.00-1.09)]. This ratio was higher among men who had preexisting CVD. Conclusions: Weekend shifts, more than standard daytime work, appear to accelerate carotid atherosclerosis progression among middle-aged Finnish men, especially those with pre-existing CVD.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View