Does adolescent weight status predict problematic substance use patterns?
- Author(s): Lanza, HI
- Grella, CE
- Chung, PJ
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4066210/
Objectives: To identify underlying patterns of cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and marijuana use in young adulthood, and ascertain whether adolescent overweight or obesity status predicts problematic substance use patterns. Methods: The study included 15, 119 participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) at Wave 1 (11-19 years) and Wave 3 (18-26 years). Latent class analysis was conducted. Results: Participants were classified into a Low Substance Use (35%), Regular Smokers (12%), High-risk Alcohol use (33%), or High Substance Use (20%) class. Overweight/ obese adolescents had a greater likelihood of belonging to the Regular Smokers class. Conclusions: Overweight/ obese adolescents are at higher risk of engaging in regular cigarette smoking without problematic alcohol or marijuana use.
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