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Oxygen distribution and migration within Mbdes Fe and Hbdes Fe. Multifrequency phase and modulation fluorometry study


Quenching of the intensity and lifetime of porphyrin fluorescence from Mbdes Fe and Hbdes Fe (iron-free myoglobin and hemoglobin) by oxygen was investigated using a multifrequency cross-correlation phase fluorometer. The single exponential decay characteristic of porphyrin emission of Mbdes Fe and Hbdes Fe became doubly exponential upon application of oxygen pressure. The results were interpreted in terms of a general model of dynamic quenching of fluorescence in globular proteins. The model accounted for the rate k+ of acquisition of quencher by the protein, the exit rate k- of quencher from the protein, and the migration rate chi of quencher in the protein interior. The values of k+, k-, and chi were different for Mbdes Fe and Hbdes Fe. The addition of 40% sucrose, which increased the bulk viscosity sixfold, modified these rates. These results are discussed and compared with previous quenching studies on proteins. The significance of these results and the model for the interpretation of protein quenching studies is emphasized.

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