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p-y plasticity model for nonlinear dynamic analysis of piles in liquefiable soil

  • Author(s): Brandenberg, SJ;
  • Zhao, M;
  • Boulanger, RW;
  • Wilson, DW
  • et al.

Liquefiable soil-structure interaction material models are developed and implemented in the open-source finite-element modeling platform OpenSees. Inputs to the free end of the p-y materials include the ground motion and mean effective stress time series from a free-field soil column. Example simulations using a single p-y element attached to a soil element demonstrate key features. The models are then used to analyze centrifuge experiments of a single pile in a level liquefiable profile and a six-pile group in a sloping liquefiable profile that resulted in lateral spreading. Measured displacements and mean effective stress time series are used as inputs to isolate the response of the material models from predictive uncertainties in free-field ground motion and excess pore pressure. The predicted pile response agrees reasonably well with measurements. The cyclic mobility behavior of sand in undrained loading is shown to be an important mechanism affecting bending moments in the piles; neglecting the dilatancy component of the sand's response (i.e., ignoring the cyclic mobility behavior) can result in underprediction of the demands imposed on the piles. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.

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