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A platform for investigating immune checkpoint-mediated changes in metabolism


There is a growing interest in metabolomic profiling of immune cells, as there is accumulating evidence that metabolism influences immune cell function and fate decisions. The non-adherent nature of these cells presents certain challenges not factored into extraction protocols developed for adherent cells. Here, we present a method developed for metabolite extraction from human T-cells that emphasizes simplicity and economy. We apply this method to profile the metabolic changes effected by in-vitro programmed cell death 1 receptor (PDCD1/PD-1) immune checkpoint engagement by liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. We demonstrate that we can efficiently confirm the known reduction in aerobic glycolysis and glutaminolysis that accompanies PD-1 signaling and extend this by showing a block in de novo nucleoside phosphate biosynthesis.

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