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Ethnic differences in the relationship between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women.

  • Author(s): Ryckman, KK
  • Rillamas-Sun, E
  • Spracklen, CN
  • Wallace, RB
  • Garcia, L
  • Tylavsky, FA
  • Howard, BV
  • Liu, S
  • Song, Y
  • LeBlanc, ES
  • White, MV
  • Parikh, NI
  • Robinson, JG
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24751988/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Aim

The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between self-reported birth weight and the adult occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a large multi-ethnic population of women.

Methods

Baseline data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study [n=75,993] was used to examine the association between participant birth weight category and prevalent type 2 diabetes mellitus. Models were adjusted for age, ethnicity, body mass index and other pertinent risk factors. Sub-analyses were performed stratifying by ethnicity.

Results

There was a strong inverse association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus with a birth weight of <6 pounds (lbs) (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.33) significantly associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and a birth weight of ≥10 lbs (OR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.57, 0.92) associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to women who reported their birth weight between 7 and 8 lbs 15 ounces (oz). Stratifying by ethnicity, the inverse association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus was only apparent in White women, but not Black, Hispanic or Asian women.

Conclusion

Lower birth weight was associated with increased T2D risk in American White and Black post-menopausal women.

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