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Ethnic differences in the relationship between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women.
- Author(s): Ryckman, KK
- Rillamas-Sun, E
- Spracklen, CN
- Wallace, RB
- Garcia, L
- Tylavsky, FA
- Howard, BV
- Liu, S
- Song, Y
- LeBlanc, ES
- White, MV
- Parikh, NI
- Robinson, JG
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24751988/
No data is associated with this publication.
AimThe objective of this study is to examine the relationship between self-reported birth weight and the adult occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a large multi-ethnic population of women.
MethodsBaseline data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study [n=75,993] was used to examine the association between participant birth weight category and prevalent type 2 diabetes mellitus. Models were adjusted for age, ethnicity, body mass index and other pertinent risk factors. Sub-analyses were performed stratifying by ethnicity.
ResultsThere was a strong inverse association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus with a birth weight of <6 pounds (lbs) (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.33) significantly associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and a birth weight of ≥10 lbs (OR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.57, 0.92) associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to women who reported their birth weight between 7 and 8 lbs 15 ounces (oz). Stratifying by ethnicity, the inverse association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus was only apparent in White women, but not Black, Hispanic or Asian women.
ConclusionLower birth weight was associated with increased T2D risk in American White and Black post-menopausal women.
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