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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Leptin activates human B cells to secrete TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 via JAK2/STAT3 and p38MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

  • Author(s): Agrawal, Sudhanshu;
  • Gollapudi, Sastry;
  • Su, Houfen;
  • Gupta, Sudhir
  • et al.

Leptin, one of the adipokines, functions as a hormone and a cytokine. In this investigation, we show for the first time that leptin, in a concentration-dependent manner, activates human peripheral blood B cells to induce secretion of IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α. Leptin increased B cells expressing CD25 and HLA-DR. Leptin induces phosphorylation of Janus activation kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2). Furthermore, leptin-induced cytokine secretion by B cells was blocked by inhibitors of JAK2, STAT3, p38MAPK, and ERK1/2. These data demonstrate that leptin activates human B cells to secrete cytokines via activation of JAK2/STAT3 and p38MAPK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways, which may contribute to its inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties.

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