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Discovery and refinement of loci associated with lipid levels.

  • Author(s): Willer, Cristen J
  • Schmidt, Ellen M
  • Sengupta, Sebanti
  • Peloso, Gina M
  • Gustafsson, Stefan
  • Kanoni, Stavroula
  • Ganna, Andrea
  • Chen, Jin
  • Buchkovich, Martin L
  • Mora, Samia
  • Beckmann, Jacques S
  • Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L
  • Chang, Hsing-Yi
  • Demirkan, Ayşe
  • Den Hertog, Heleen M
  • Do, Ron
  • Donnelly, Louise A
  • Ehret, Georg B
  • Esko, Tõnu
  • Feitosa, Mary F
  • Ferreira, Teresa
  • Fischer, Krista
  • Fontanillas, Pierre
  • Fraser, Ross M
  • Freitag, Daniel F
  • Gurdasani, Deepti
  • Heikkilä, Kauko
  • Hyppönen, Elina
  • Isaacs, Aaron
  • Jackson, Anne U
  • Johansson, Åsa
  • Johnson, Toby
  • Kaakinen, Marika
  • Kettunen, Johannes
  • Kleber, Marcus E
  • Li, Xiaohui
  • Luan, Jian'an
  • Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka
  • Magnusson, Patrik KE
  • Mangino, Massimo
  • Mihailov, Evelin
  • Montasser, May E
  • Müller-Nurasyid, Martina
  • Nolte, Ilja M
  • O'Connell, Jeffrey R
  • Palmer, Cameron D
  • Perola, Markus
  • Petersen, Ann-Kristin
  • Sanna, Serena
  • Saxena, Richa
  • Service, Susan K
  • Shah, Sonia
  • Shungin, Dmitry
  • Sidore, Carlo
  • Song, Ci
  • Strawbridge, Rona J
  • Surakka, Ida
  • Tanaka, Toshiko
  • Teslovich, Tanya M
  • Thorleifsson, Gudmar
  • Van den Herik, Evita G
  • Voight, Benjamin F
  • Volcik, Kelly A
  • Waite, Lindsay L
  • Wong, Andrew
  • Wu, Ying
  • Zhang, Weihua
  • Absher, Devin
  • Asiki, Gershim
  • Barroso, Inês
  • Been, Latonya F
  • Bolton, Jennifer L
  • Bonnycastle, Lori L
  • Brambilla, Paolo
  • Burnett, Mary S
  • Cesana, Giancarlo
  • Dimitriou, Maria
  • Doney, Alex SF
  • Döring, Angela
  • Elliott, Paul
  • Epstein, Stephen E
  • Ingi Eyjolfsson, Gudmundur
  • Gigante, Bruna
  • Goodarzi, Mark O
  • Grallert, Harald
  • Gravito, Martha L
  • Groves, Christopher J
  • Hallmans, Göran
  • Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa
  • Hayward, Caroline
  • Hernandez, Dena
  • Hicks, Andrew A
  • Holm, Hilma
  • Hung, Yi-Jen
  • Illig, Thomas
  • Jones, Michelle R
  • Kaleebu, Pontiano
  • Kastelein, John JP
  • Khaw, Kay-Tee
  • Kim, Eric
  • Klopp, Norman
  • Komulainen, Pirjo
  • Kumari, Meena
  • Langenberg, Claudia
  • Lehtimäki, Terho
  • Lin, Shih-Yi
  • Lindström, Jaana
  • Loos, Ruth JF
  • Mach, François
  • McArdle, Wendy L
  • Meisinger, Christa
  • Mitchell, Braxton D
  • Müller, Gabrielle
  • Nagaraja, Ramaiah
  • Narisu, Narisu
  • Nieminen, Tuomo VM
  • Nsubuga, Rebecca N
  • Olafsson, Isleifur
  • Ong, Ken K
  • Palotie, Aarno
  • Papamarkou, Theodore
  • Pomilla, Cristina
  • Pouta, Anneli
  • Rader, Daniel J
  • Reilly, Muredach P
  • Ridker, Paul M
  • Rivadeneira, Fernando
  • Rudan, Igor
  • Ruokonen, Aimo
  • Samani, Nilesh
  • Scharnagl, Hubert
  • Seeley, Janet
  • Silander, Kaisa
  • Stančáková, Alena
  • Stirrups, Kathleen
  • Swift, Amy J
  • Tiret, Laurence
  • Uitterlinden, Andre G
  • van Pelt, L Joost
  • Vedantam, Sailaja
  • Wainwright, Nicholas
  • Wijmenga, Cisca
  • Wild, Sarah H
  • Willemsen, Gonneke
  • Wilsgaard, Tom
  • Wilson, James F
  • Young, Elizabeth H
  • Zhao, Jing Hua
  • Adair, Linda S
  • Arveiler, Dominique
  • Assimes, Themistocles L
  • Bandinelli, Stefania
  • Bennett, Franklyn
  • Bochud, Murielle
  • Boehm, Bernhard O
  • Boomsma, Dorret I
  • Borecki, Ingrid B
  • Bornstein, Stefan R
  • Bovet, Pascal
  • Burnier, Michel
  • Campbell, Harry
  • Chakravarti, Aravinda
  • Chambers, John C
  • Chen, Yii-Der Ida
  • Collins, Francis S
  • Cooper, Richard S
  • Danesh, John
  • Dedoussis, George
  • de Faire, Ulf
  • Feranil, Alan B
  • Ferrières, Jean
  • Ferrucci, Luigi
  • Freimer, Nelson B
  • Gieger, Christian
  • Groop, Leif C
  • Gudnason, Vilmundur
  • Gyllensten, Ulf
  • Hamsten, Anders
  • Harris, Tamara B
  • Hingorani, Aroon
  • Hirschhorn, Joel N
  • Hofman, Albert
  • Hovingh, G Kees
  • Hsiung, Chao Agnes
  • Humphries, Steve E
  • Hunt, Steven C
  • Hveem, Kristian
  • Iribarren, Carlos
  • Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta
  • Jula, Antti
  • Kähönen, Mika
  • Kaprio, Jaakko
  • Kesäniemi, Antero
  • Kivimaki, Mika
  • Kooner, Jaspal S
  • Koudstaal, Peter J
  • Krauss, Ronald M
  • Kuh, Diana
  • Kuusisto, Johanna
  • Kyvik, Kirsten O
  • Laakso, Markku
  • Lakka, Timo A
  • Lind, Lars
  • Lindgren, Cecilia M
  • Martin, Nicholas G
  • März, Winfried
  • McCarthy, Mark I
  • McKenzie, Colin A
  • Meneton, Pierre
  • Metspalu, Andres
  • Moilanen, Leena
  • Morris, Andrew D
  • Munroe, Patricia B
  • Njølstad, Inger
  • Pedersen, Nancy L
  • Power, Chris
  • Pramstaller, Peter P
  • Price, Jackie F
  • Psaty, Bruce M
  • Quertermous, Thomas
  • Rauramaa, Rainer
  • Saleheen, Danish
  • Salomaa, Veikko
  • Sanghera, Dharambir K
  • Saramies, Jouko
  • Schwarz, Peter EH
  • Sheu, Wayne H-H
  • Shuldiner, Alan R
  • Siegbahn, Agneta
  • Spector, Tim D
  • Stefansson, Kari
  • Strachan, David P
  • Tayo, Bamidele O
  • Tremoli, Elena
  • Tuomilehto, Jaakko
  • Uusitupa, Matti
  • van Duijn, Cornelia M
  • Vollenweider, Peter
  • Wallentin, Lars
  • Wareham, Nicholas J
  • Whitfield, John B
  • Wolffenbuttel, Bruce HR
  • Ordovas, Jose M
  • Boerwinkle, Eric
  • Palmer, Colin NA
  • Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur
  • Chasman, Daniel I
  • Rotter, Jerome I
  • Franks, Paul W
  • Ripatti, Samuli
  • Cupples, L Adrienne
  • Sandhu, Manjinder S
  • Rich, Stephen S
  • Boehnke, Michael
  • Deloukas, Panos
  • Kathiresan, Sekar
  • Mohlke, Karen L
  • Ingelsson, Erik
  • Abecasis, Gonçalo R
  • Global Lipids Genetics Consortium
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.2797
Abstract

Levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol are heritable, modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease. To identify new loci and refine known loci influencing these lipids, we examined 188,577 individuals using genome-wide and custom genotyping arrays. We identify and annotate 157 loci associated with lipid levels at P < 5 × 10(-8), including 62 loci not previously associated with lipid levels in humans. Using dense genotyping in individuals of European, East Asian, South Asian and African ancestry, we narrow association signals in 12 loci. We find that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index. Our results demonstrate the value of using genetic data from individuals of diverse ancestry and provide insights into the biological mechanisms regulating blood lipids to guide future genetic, biological and therapeutic research.

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