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Open Access Publications from the University of California

NMR Spectroscopy Reveals Adsorbate Binding Sites in the Metal-Organic Framework UiO-66(Zr)

  • Author(s): Nandy, A
  • Forse, AC
  • Witherspoon, VJ
  • Reimer, JA
  • et al.

© 2018 American Chemical Society. We assign 1H and 13C NMR resonances emanating from acetone, methanol, and cyclohexane adsorbed inside the pores of UiO-66(Zr). These results are informed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, which probe the role of two competing effects inside of the pore environment: (i) nucleus independent chemical shifts (NICSs) generated by ring currents in conjugated linkers and (ii) small molecule coordination to the metal-oxyhydroxy cluster. These interactions are found to perturb the chemical shift of in-pore adsorbate relative to ex-pore adsorbate (which resides in spaces between the MOF particles). Changes in self-solvation upon adsorption may also perturb the chemical shift. Our results indicate that cyclohexane preferentially adsorbs in the tetrahedral pores of UiO-66(Zr), while acetone and methanol adsorb at the Zr-OH moieties on the metal-oxyhydroxy clusters in a more complex fashion. This method may be used to probe molecular adsorption sites and material void saturation with selected adsorbates, and with further development may eventually be used to trace in-pore chemistry of MOF materials.

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