Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Experimental search for the "LSND anomaly" with the ICARUS detector in the CNGS neutrino beam

  • Author(s): Antonello, M
  • Baibussinov, B
  • Benetti, P
  • Calligarich, E
  • Canci, N
  • Centro, S
  • Cesana, A
  • Cieślik, K
  • Cline, DB
  • Cocco, AG
  • Dabrowska, A
  • Dequal, D
  • Dermenev, A
  • Dolfini, R
  • Farnese, C
  • Fava, A
  • Ferrari, A
  • Fiorillo, G
  • Gibin, D
  • Gninenko, S
  • Guglielmi, A
  • Haranczyk, M
  • Holeczek, J
  • Ivashkin, A
  • Kirsanov, M
  • Kisiel, J
  • Kochanek, I
  • Lagoda, J
  • Mania, S
  • Menegolli, A
  • Meng, G
  • Montanari, C
  • Otwinowski, S
  • Piazzoli, A
  • Picchi, P
  • Pietropaolo, F
  • Plonski, P
  • Rappoldi, A
  • Raselli, GL
  • Rossella, M
  • Rubbia, C
  • Sala, PR
  • Scantamburlo, E
  • Scaramelli, A
  • Segreto, E
  • Sergiampietri, F
  • Stefan, D
  • Stepaniak, J
  • Sulej, R
  • Szarska, M
  • Terrani, M
  • Varanini, F
  • Ventura, S
  • Vignoli, C
  • Wang, HG
  • Yang, X
  • Zalewska, A
  • Zaremba, K
  • et al.
Abstract

We report an early result from the ICARUS experiment on the search for a νμ→ νesignal due to the LSND anomaly. The search was performed with the ICARUS T600 detector located at the Gran Sasso Laboratory, receiving CNGS neutrinos from CERN at an average energy of about 20 GeV, after a flight path of ~730 km. The LSND anomaly would manifest as an excess of νeevents, characterized by a fast energy oscillation averaging approximately to sin2(1. 27Δ mnew2L/Eν) ≈ 1/2 with probability Pνμ→ νe= 1/2 sin2(2θnew. The present analysis is based on 1091 neutrino events, which are about 50 % of the ICARUS data collected in 2010-2011. Two clear νeevents have been found, compared with the expectation of 3. 7±0. 6 events from conventional sources. Within the range of our observations, this result is compatible with the absence of a LSND anomaly. At 90 % and 99 % confidence levels the limits of 3. 4 and 7. 3 events corresponding to oscillation probabilities 〈Pνμ → νe〉 ≤ 5.4 × 10-3and 〈Pνμ → νe〉 ≤ 1.1 × 10-2are set respectively. The result strongly limits the window of open options for the LSND anomaly to a narrow region around (Δm2,sin2(2θ))new=(0. 5 eV2,0. 005), where there is an overall agreement (90 % CL) between the present ICARUS limit, the published limits of KARMEN and the published positive signals of LSND and MiniBooNE Collaborations. © 2013 The Author(s).

Main Content
Current View