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The Hyperbolic Yang–Mills Equation for Connections in an Arbitrary Topological Class

  • Author(s): Oh, SJ
  • Tataru, D
  • et al.

© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. This is the third part of a four-paper sequence, which establishes the Threshold Conjecture and the Soliton-Bubbling versus Scattering Dichotomy for the energy critical hyperbolic Yang–Mills equation in the (4 + 1)-dimensional Minkowski space-time. This paper provides basic tools for considering the dynamics of the hyperbolic Yang–Mills equation in an arbitrary topological class at an optimal regularity. We generalize the standard notion of a topological class of connections on Rd, defined via a pullback to the one-point compactification Sd= Rd∪ { ∞} , to rough connections with curvature in the critical space Ld2(Rd). Moreover, we provide excision and extension techniques for the Yang–Mills constraint (or Gauss) equation, which allow us to efficiently localize Yang–Mills initial data sets. Combined with the results in the previous paper (Oh and Tataru in The hyperbolic Yang–Mills equation in the caloric gauge. Local well-posedness and control of energy dispersed solutions, 2017. arXiv:1709.09332), we obtain local well-posedness of the hyperbolic Yang–Mills equation on R1+d(d≥ 4) in an arbitrary topological class at optimal regularity in the temporal gauge (where finite speed of propagation holds). In addition, in the energy subcritical case d = 3, our techniques provide an alternative proof of the classical finite energy global well-posedness theorem of Klainerman–Machedon (Ann. Math. (2) 142(1):39–119, 1995., while also removing the smallness assumption in the temporal-gauge local well-posedness theorem of Tao (J. Differ. Equ. 189(2):366–382, 2003. Although this paper is a part of a larger sequence, the materials presented in this paper may be of independent and general interest. For this reason, we have organized the paper so that it may be read separately from the sequence.

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