Eavesdropping selects for conspicuous signals.
- Author(s): Lichtenberg, Elinor M;
- Zivin, Joshua Graff;
- Hrncir, Michael;
- Nieh, James C
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.05.062
Animal communication signals generally evolve to become increasingly conspicuous for intended receivers . However, such conspicuous signals are also more susceptible to eavesdropping, i.e. exploitation by unintended receivers . It is typically thought that eavesdroppers harm signalers and select against conspicuous signals . But, if signal conspicuousness deters eavesdroppers by indicating a cost, all receivers benefit. This may occur when eavesdroppers exploit food recruitment signals but need to fight for food access . Using eusocial insects, stingless bees, we show that conspicuous signals can indicate competitive costs and enable signalers to escape eavesdropper-imposed costs. The dominant eavesdropper, Triogona hyalinata, avoided higher levels of Trigona spinipes pheromone that indicate a food source difficult to win, and showed attraction to lower pheromone levels that indicate a relatively undefended resource. Our decision-analysis model reveals that eavesdropping individuals that can assess takeover costs can benefit their colony by recruiting to weakly defended resources and avoiding costly takeover attempts. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.