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A novel pyrazoloquinoline that interacts with brain benzodiazepine receptors: Characterization of some in vitro and in vivo properties of CGS 9896.


The novel pyrazoloquinoline, CGS, 9896, was a potent inhibitor of specific [3H]-flunitrazepam binding in several brain regions with subnanomolar KI values. The inhibition of [3H] propyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate ([3H]-PCC-) binding by CGS 9896 was enhanced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) but not by chloride ion. GABA enhancement of CGS 9896 inhibition of [3H]-PCC binding predicts this compound has benzodiazepine (BZD) agonist-type activity. Behavioral studies support this prediction. CGS 9896 was found to protect mice against bicuculline and metrazol induced seizure at doses that did not induce ataxia or sedation. CGS 9896 may represent a class of compounds with potential therapeutic value. The high affinity of this non-BZD compound suggests that CGS 9896 may also be of value as a high affinity ligand for the continued study of BZD receptors.

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