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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Captive Canada Geese Acceptability and Toxicity Trials with Two Formulations of 0.005% Diphacinone Rodenticide Baits


The 0.005% diphacinone rodenticide pellets used in this study have been proposed for use in field applications to control introduced rodents on conservation lands in the state of Hawaii. Introduced rodents (especially Rattus spp.) cause a wide array of conservation problems in the Hawaiian Islands and on other islands. We assessed the acceptability and toxicity (should the pellets be consumed) of two rodenticide baits to Canada geese, a surrogate species for the endangered Hawaiian goose. Based on these trials with captive, wild Canada geese, it appears that neither the whole nor the chopped (to simulate broken or weathered baits) pellets pose a significant risk to the Hawaiian goose, a species considerably smaller than the Canada goose. The pellets (whole or chopped) were not accepted by the Canada geese during this study despite their having only a small amount of green grass sod as an alternative food. There were no mortalities of geese during the feeding trials and all geese remained healthy, based on body weights and packed blood cell volumes. The endangered status of the Hawaiian goose precluded using it as the target study species.

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