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Utility of optical coherence tomography angiography in detecting glaucomatous damage in a uveitic patient with disc congestion: A case report.



To report a case of uveitic glaucoma with a congested optic disc where optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) provided diagnostic utility in assessing glaucomatous damage but optical coherence tomography (OCT) alone had limited utility.


We report a case of a 33-year-old Caucasian female referred to the USC Roski Eye Institute for uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) in the left eye. She was managed by an outside provider for 6 months, where her IOP ranged from 28 to 42 mm Hg in the left eye on maximally tolerated medical therapy. Her clinical exam was consistent with Herpes family trabeculitis, optic nerve congestion, and possible glaucomatous damage. Initial evaluation of the optic nerve by standard modalities (fundus exam and OCT) was limited by optic nerve congestion; however, OCT-A showed peripapillary hypoperfusion, as commonly observed in glaucomatous eyes. She underwent aqueous shunt implantation for elevated IOPs poorly controlled by medications.

Conclusions and importance

OCT-A can be a useful tool in the evaluation of glaucoma in instances where disc congestion masks both nerve excavation and retinal nerve fiber thinning normally seen on exam and on standard OCT of the optic nerve.

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