Large area nanoimprint enables ultra-precise x-ray diffraction gratings.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1364/oe.25.023334
A process for fabrication of ultra-precise diffraction gratings for high resolution x-ray spectroscopy was developed. A grating pattern with constant or variable line spacing (VLS) is recorded on a quartz plate by use of e-beam lithography with nanometer scale accuracy of the groove placement. The pattern is transferred to a massive grating blank by large area nanoimprint followed by dry or/and wet etching for groove shaping. High fidelity of the nanoimprint transfer step was confirmed by differential wavefront measurements. Successful implementation of the suggested fabrication approach was demonstrated by fabrication of a lamellar 900 lines/mm VLS grating for a soft x-ray fluorescence spectrometer.