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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Optimal multifrequency weighting for CMB lensing


Extragalactic foregrounds in cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps lead to significant biases in CMB lensing reconstruction if not properly accounted for. Combinations of multifrequency data have been used to minimize the overall map variance (internal linear combination, or ILC), or specifically null a given foreground, but these are not tailored to CMB lensing. In this paper, we derive an optimal multifrequency combination to jointly minimize CMB lensing noise and bias. We focus on the standard lensing quadratic estimator, as well as the "shear-only"and source-hardened estimators, whose responses to foregrounds differ. We show that an optimal multifrequency combination is a compromise between the ILC and joint deprojection, which nulls the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) and cosmic infrared background (CIB) contributions. In particular, for a Simons Observatory-like experiment with ℓmax,T=3000, we find that profile hardening alone (with the standard ILC) reduces the bias to the lensing power amplitude by 40%, at a 20% cost in noise, while the bias to the cross-correlation with a LSST-like sample is reduced by nearly an order of magnitude at a 10% noise cost, relative to the standard quadratic estimator. With a small amount of joint deprojection the bias to the profile hardened estimator can be further reduced to less than half the statistical uncertainty on the respective amplitudes, at a 20% and 5% noise cost for the auto- and cross-correlation respectively, relative to the profile hardened estimator with the standard ILC weights. Finally, we explore possible improvements with more aggressive masking and varying ℓmax,T.

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