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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Survey of Available Information on U.S. Manufacturing Wastewater and Energy Requirements for Reuse


This report seeks to inform an improved understanding of the energy tradeoff associated with manufacturing water reuse in the United States, in part by developing an analytical framework for understanding when this tradeoff for reuse is beneficial. In order to apply this approach, existing literature and publicly available information on typical contaminants in industrial effluent and available treatment technologies are reviewed and summarized. An existing case study is then discussed in light of how the analytical framework could be applied if sufficient data were available. We conclude that the shortcomings of the available data severely restrict our ability to apply this framework. These limitations are highlighted with the intent of providing the broader research community information on where data gaps need to be filled.

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