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NS-398: cyclooxygenase-2 independent inhibition of leukocyte priming for lipid body formation and enhanced leukotriene generation.

  • Author(s): Bozza, PT;
  • Pacheco, P;
  • Yu, W;
  • Weller, PF
  • et al.
Abstract

Because the induction of new lipid body formation in leukocytes correlates with and likely contributes to their enhanced 'primed' prostaglandin and leukotriene formation, we evaluated two selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors. Three types of stimuli, cis -unsaturated fatty acids, platelet activating factor and protein kinase C activators, stimulate lipid body formation. NS-398 (0.1-10 microM), but not another COX-2 inhibitor, SC58125 (0.1- 10 microM), blocked leukocyte lipid body formation elicited by all three types of stimuli and also blocked priming for enhanced LTB(4) production and PGE(2) production. The effect of NS-398 on lipid body formation was independent of its inhibitory effects on COX-2 since arachidonate-induced lipid body formation in COX-2-deficient mouse leukocytes was also inhibited by NS-398. By means of its ability to inhibit leukocyte lipid body formation, NS-398 may exert actions independent of its COX-2 inhibition and more broadly contribute to the suppression of formation of COX-1 and lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoids.

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