Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

The Genetic Architecture of Diet-Induced Hepatic Fibrosis in Mice.

  • Author(s): Hui, Simon T
  • Kurt, Zeyneb
  • Tuominen, Iina
  • Norheim, Frode
  • C Davis, Richard
  • Pan, Calvin
  • Dirks, Darwin L
  • Magyar, Clara E
  • French, Samuel W
  • Chella Krishnan, Karthickeyan
  • Sabir, Simon
  • Campos-Pérez, Francisco
  • Méndez-Sánchez, Nahum
  • Macías-Kauffer, Luis
  • León-Mimila, Paola
  • Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel
  • Yang, Xia
  • Beaven, Simon W
  • Huertas-Vazquez, Adriana
  • Lusis, Aldons J
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.30113
Abstract

We report the genetic analysis of a "humanized" hyperlipidemic mouse model for progressive nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. Mice carrying transgenes for human apolipoprotein E*3-Leiden and cholesteryl ester transfer protein and fed a "Western" diet were studied on the genetic backgrounds of over 100 inbred mouse strains. The mice developed hepatic inflammation and fibrosis that was highly dependent on genetic background, with vast differences in the degree of fibrosis. Histological analysis showed features characteristic of human NASH, including macrovesicular steatosis, hepatocellular ballooning, inflammatory foci, and pericellular collagen deposition. Time course experiments indicated that while hepatic triglyceride levels increased steadily on the diet, hepatic fibrosis occurred at about 12 weeks. We found that the genetic variation predisposing to NASH and fibrosis differs markedly from that predisposing to simple steatosis, consistent with a multistep model in which distinct genetic factors are involved. Moreover, genome-wide association identified distinct genetic loci contributing to steatosis and NASH. Finally, we used hepatic expression data from the mouse panel and from 68 bariatric surgery patients with normal liver, steatosis, or NASH to identify enriched biological pathways. Conclusion: The pathways showed substantial overlap between our mouse model and the human disease.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View