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Intensity dependence of light-induced states in transient absorption of laser-dressed helium measured with isolated attosecond pulses


Light-induced states in He atoms were characterized using attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. A 400 as pulse covering the 20-24 eV spectral range serves as the probe pulse, and the effect of a few-cycle near infrared pulse (12 fs, 780 nm) on the absorption spectrum is measured as a function of time delay and near-infrared intensities varying from (5.0 ± 2) × 1010 to (1 ± 0.4) × 1013 W/cm2. Light-induced states resulting from near-infrared coupling of 1s2p to 1s2s, 1s3d, and 1s3s states are observed. Absorption features that likely result from coupling of 1s3p to 1s4s, 1s4d, 1s5s, and 1s5d states are also observed. The light-induced states with the smallest detunings (1s3d and 1s3s) from the dressing frequency may shift to higher frequencies as the dressing intensity is increased. © 2013, Taylor & Francis.

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