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Stereoselective Installation of Five Contiguous Stereogenic Centers in a Double Aldol-Tishchenko Cascade and Evaluation of the Key Transition State through DFT Calculation.

Abstract

The stereoselective formation of 5 contiguous chiral centers in a single pot reaction is demonstrated using an aldol, aldol-Tishchenko reaction of N-tert-butyl sulfinimines. One diastereoisomer (from 32 possibilities) predominates, and a series of cyclic and acyclic 3-amino-1,5-diol derivatives are synthesized in good yields (up to 80%) and excellent diastereoselectivities (up to >98:2 dr). Investigations support two reversible aldol steps, and multiple intermediates which are funnelled through a remarkably selective, irreversible, Tishchenko reduction, in a Curtin-Hammett phenomenon. DFT calculations using a disolvated (THF) model reveal the factors controlling stereoselectivity in the final irreversible Tishchenko step.

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