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Dynamic analysis of an axially translating viscoelastic beam with an arbitrarily varying length

  • Author(s): Wang, L. H.
  • Hu, Z. D.
  • Zhong, Z.
  • Ju, J. W.
  • et al.
Abstract

The nonlinear free vibration of an axially translating viscoelastic beam with an arbitrarily varying length and axial velocity is investigated. Based on the linear viscoelastic differential constitutive law, the extended Hamilton’s principle is utilized to derive the generalized third-order equations of motion for the axially translating viscoelastic Bernoulli–Euler beam. The coupling effects between the axial motion and transverse vibration are assessed under various prescribed time-varying velocity fields. The inertia force arising from the longitudinal acceleration emerges, rendering the coupling terms between the axial beam acceleration and the beam flexure. Semi-analytical solutions for the governing PDE are obtained through the separation of variables and the assumed modes method. The modified Galerkin’s method and the fourth-order Runge–Kutta method are employed to numerically analyze the resulting equations. Further, dynamic stabilization is examined from the system energy standpoint for beam extension and retraction. Extensive numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the influences of varying translating velocities and viscoelastic parameters on the underlying dynamic responses. The material viscosity always dissipates energy and helps stabilize the transverse vibration.

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