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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Dual role of forbs and rodenticides in the ground spray control of pine mice

  • Author(s): Horsfall, Frank, Jr.;
  • Webb, R. E.;
  • Byers, Ross E.
  • et al.

Highly effective controls for the pine mouse (Pitymys pinetorum) were obtained for three years in apple orchards by means of herbaceous ground cover sprays of [(chloro 4 phenyl) 1 phenyl] acetyl 2 dioxo 1-3 indane at a rate of 0.2 lb. per acre of actual orchard. This toxicant from Europe is designated there as chlorophacinone. The spray residue persists for a maximum of about 30 days and was not found to be translocated to fruits nor was it detected in runoff water. Ingestion of the lethal agent is markedly enhanced by an adequate presence of forbs in the treated greenery. Too little attention has been directed to the basic differences in control between herbaceous type feeders and the seed consumers. CPN is now reported to give excellent results from large-scale applications by growers.

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