Limited Insurance Within the Household: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya
- Author(s): Robinson, Jonathan
- et al.
This paper presents results from a randomized …eld experiment to test for the impor- tance of limited commitment (due to incomplete contract enforceability) in explaining intra- household risk sharing arrangements in Kenya. The experiment followed 142 daily income earners and their spouses for 8 weeks. Every week, each individual had a 50% chance of receiving a 150 Kenyan shilling (US $2) income shock (equivalent to about 1.5 days’income for men and 1 week’s income for women). This paper has 2 main results. First, since the experimental payments are random, they allow for a direct test of allocative Pareto e¢ - ciency. I reject e¢ ciency, as male private goods expenditures are sensitive to the receipt of the payment. Second, the experiment varied the level of intra-household correlation in the experimental payments between couples. I …nd that women send bigger transfers to their husbands when shocks are independent or negatively correlated, a result consistent with the presence of limited commitment. I …nd no di¤erence in transfers for men, likely because the shocks were too small to cause the limited commitment constraint to bind for them.