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Kinetics of cortical bone demineralization: controlled demineralization--a new method for modifying cortical bone allografts.

  • Author(s): Lewandrowski, KU
  • Venugopalan, V
  • Tomford, WW
  • Schomacker, KT
  • Mankin, HJ
  • Deutsch, TF
  • et al.

We investigated the kinetics of hydrochloric acid demineralization of human cortical bone with the objective of developing a method of controlled demineralization for structural bone allografts. It is known that the demineralization of cortical bone is a diffusion rate limited process with a sharp advancing reaction front. The demineralization kinetics of human cortical bone, described as the advance of the reaction front versus immersion time, were determined by measuring extraction of bone mineral in both planar and cylindrical geometries. Mathematical models based on diffusional mass transfer were developed to predict this process. The experimental data fit well with the behavior predicted by the model. The model for planar geometry is applicable to controlled demineralization of cortical bone allografts of irregular shapes such as cortical struts. The model for cylindrical geometry is appropriate when curved surfaces are involved such as in diaphyseal bone allografts. This method of demineralization has direct application to clinical modification of cortical bone allografts to potentially enhance their osteoinductive properties.

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