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Major surface proteins and antigens on the different in vivo and in vitro forms of Trypanosoma cruzi.

  • Author(s): Lanar, DE
  • Manning, JE
  • et al.

The surface proteins of six stages of Trypanosoma cruzi were labeled by Iodogen-catalized surface iodination and analyzed by one and two dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These stages included bloodstream trypomastigotes, culture-form trypomastigotes, amastigotes, staphylomastigotes, epimastigotes, and metacyclic trypomastigotes. Antigens recognized by serum antibodies were detected by Western blotting against serum from mice hyperimmunized against bloodstream trypomastigotes. Bloodstream trypomastigotes, culture-form trypomastigotes and staphylomastigotes contained several surface proteins of molecular weight (Mr) 90 000 and isoelectric points (pI) between 5.0 and 7.5. Western blotting reveals that at least two proteins of 90 000 Mr represent the major antigens seen on bloodstream trypomastigotes, culture-form trypomastigotes, staphylomastigotes and amastigotes. However, a 90 000 Mr protein was not detected by either Western blotting or surface iodination on epimastigotes or metacyclic trypomastigotes. The major surface proteins on these latter two stages were represented by several 72 000 Mr proteins with pI values between 5.2 and 5.8. An interesting result of this survey is that a 90 000 Mr surface antigen was present on staphylomastigotes, a stage which can be grown in cell free medium.

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