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The highly excited-state manifold of guanine: calibration for nonlinear electronic spectroscopy simulations

  • Author(s): Segarra-Martí, J
  • Pepino, AJ
  • Nenov, A
  • Mukamel, S
  • Garavelli, M
  • Rivalta, I
  • et al.

A computational protocol based on the complete and restricted active space self-consistent field (CASSCF/RASSCF) methods and their second-order perturbation theory extensions (CASPT2/RASPT2) is employed to benchmark the highly excited-state manifold of the DNA/RNA canonical purine nucleobase guanine in vacuo. Several RASPT2 schemes are tested, displaying a steady convergence of electronic transition energies and dipole moments upon active space enlargement toward the reference values. The outcome allows calibrating and optimizing computational efforts by considering cheaper and more approximate RAS schemes that could enable the characterization of the excited-state manifolds of multi-chromophoric systems, such as DNA/RNA nucleobase dimers or multimers. Simulations of two-dimensional electronic spectra show similar trends to those observed on the other purine nucleobase adenine, deviating from this and other pyrimidine nucleobases in featuring its main excited-state absorption signal, embodied by sizable double HOMO to LUMO excitation contributions, in the UV probing window.

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