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Open Access Publications from the University of California

¹²⁴I-Epidepride: a PET radiotracer for extended imaging of dopamine D2/D3 receptors.

  • Author(s): Pandey, Suresh
  • Venugopal, Archana
  • Kant, Ritu
  • Coleman, Robert
  • Mukherjee, Jogeshwar
  • et al.

A new radiotracer, ¹²⁴I-epidepride, has been developed for the imaging of dopamine D2/3 receptors (D2/3Rs). ¹²⁴I-Epidepride (half-life of ¹²⁴I=4.2 days) allows imaging over extended periods compared to (18)F-fallypride (half-life of ¹⁸F=0.076 days) and may maximize visualization of D2/3Rs in the brain and pancreas (allowing clearance from adjacent organs). D2/3 Rs are also present in pancreatic islets where they co-localize with insulin to produce granules and may serve as a surrogate marker for imaging diabetes.¹²⁴I-Epidepride was synthesized using N-[[(2S)-1-ethylpyrrolidin-2-yl]methyl]-5-tributyltin-2,3-dimethoxybenzamide and ¹²⁴I-iodide under no carrier added condition. Rats were used for in vitro and in vivo imaging. Brain slices were incubated with (124)I-epidepride (0.75 μCi/cc) and nonspecific binding measured with 10 μM haloperidol. Autoradiograms were analyzed by OptiQuant. ¹²⁴I-Epidepride (0.2 to 0.3 mCi, iv) was administered to rats and brain uptake at 3 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours post injection was evaluated.¹²⁴I-Epidepride was obtained with 50% radiochemical yield and high radiochemical purity (>95%). (124)I-Epidepride localized in the striatum with a striatum to cerebellum ratio of 10. Binding was displaced by dopamine and haloperidol. Brain slices demonstrated localization of ¹²⁴I-epidepride up until 48 hours in the striatum. However, the extent of binding was reduced significantly.¹²⁴I-Epidepride is a new radiotracer suitable for extended imaging of dopamine D2/3 receptors and may have applications in imaging of receptors in the brain and monitoring pancreatic islet cell grafting.

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