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Brief Report: Sexual Violence Against HIV-Positive Women in the Nyanza Region of Kenya: Is Condom Negotiation an Instigator?

  • Author(s): Onu, Chinwe C
  • Dworkin, Shari L
  • Ongeri, Linnet G
  • Oyaro, Patrick
  • Neylan, Thomas C
  • Cohen, Craig R
  • Bukusi, Elizabeth A
  • Rota, Grace
  • Meffert, Susan M
  • et al.
Abstract

For people living with HIV, exposure to sexual violence (SV) is associated with decreased adherence to antiretroviral medication, a primary predictor of their survival. Identification of risk factors for SV is a pressing issue in sub-Saharan Africa, where the global majority of HIV-positive women live and the prevalence of SV against women is high. We used qualitative data to examine SV against HIV-positive women enrolled in HIV care in Kenya. Respondents identified husbands as perpetrators of SV in the context of women's efforts to use condoms as directed by HIV care providers.

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