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Current State and Model for Development of Technology-Based Care for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder



Care (i.e., evaluation and intervention) delivered through technology is used in many areas of mental health services, including for persons with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Technology can facilitate care for individuals with ADHD, their parents, and their care providers. The adoption of technological tools for ADHD care requires evidence-based studies to support the transition from development to integration into use in the home, school, or work for persons with the disorder. The initial phase, which is development of technological tools, has begun in earnest; however, the evidence base for many of these tools is lacking. In some instances, the uptake of a piece of technology into home use or clinical practice may be further along than the research to support its use.


In this study, we review the current evidence regarding technology for ADHD and also propose a model to evaluate the support for other tools that have yet to be tested.


We propose using the Research Domain Criteria as a framework for evaluating the tools' relationships to dimensions related to ADHD.


This article concludes with recommendations for testing new tools that may have promise in improving the evaluation or treatment of persons with ADHD.

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